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Health Library

Welcome to the comprehensive Health library of Maternal Gynerations. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

Menopause: Effects of Low Estrogen Levels La menopausia: Efectos de un nivel bajo de estr³geno

Menopause: Effects of Low Estrogen Levels

When your estrogen level falls, you may have symptoms. You also may be at a greater risk for osteoporosis and heart disease. Your diet, family health history, lifestyle, and other factors affect your symptoms and risks.

Symptoms of Low Estrogen

Flashes, flushes, and night sweats are the most common symptoms of low estrogen. At times, blood rushes to your skin's surface. This can give you a feeling of warmth (hot flash). Your face may look red (flushed). Hot flashes while you are sleeping are called night sweats.

Mood swings are another effect of low estrogen. You may feel sad, anxious, or frustrated. Shifting hormone levels and night sweats may disrupt your sleep. This can cause fatigue, which may make mood swings worse.

Thinning tissues may cause discomfort. Skin may appear more wrinkled. Thinning in the urinary tract may lead to bladder infections. You may also have an urgent need to urinate. Or, you may lose bladder control (incontinence). Thinning of the vagina may cause dryness and painful sex.

Major Health Risks of Low Estrogen

Osteoporosis: Estrogen helps maintain strong bones by preventing calcium loss. Too little calcium can increase the risk of fractures in the spine, hips, and leg and arm bones. Women who drink a lot of alcohol, who smoke, who are not active, and who are thin or petite are at greater risk. A family history of osteoporosis may also increase risk.

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Healthy bone

Estrogen helps keep bones from thinning.

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Thinning bone

Too little estrogen leads to thinning bones.

Heart Disease: Estrogen made by the body seems to protect against heart disease. It may do this by raising the level of HDL (good) cholesterol in the blood. After menopause, the risk of heart disease rises sharply. Talk to your doctor about ways to protect your heart health.

How HT Helps

Hormone therapy (HT) replaces hormones your body no longer produces. Because of this, it reduces some symptoms of menopause that are linked to low hormone levels. HT may also help prevent osteoporosis in some women. But it may increase the risk of other health conditions, including heart disease and stroke. You may not need HT-not all women do. Talk to your doctor about whether or not HT is right for you.

Date Last Reviewed: 2006-02-01T00:00:00-07:00

Date Last Modified: 2006-02-01T00:00:00-07:00


For excellent fertility, obstetrics and gynecology services, visit Maternal Gynerations in Lawrenceville or Dacula. We provide family planning consultations and gynecologic cancer screening. Call 770.513.4000 or visit our Patient Portal to view your account or schedule your consultation with us. Our patients come to us from Dacula, Lawrenceville, Suwanee, Winder and Buford.

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